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同等学力考试英语专项训练(3)

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同等学力考试英语专项训练(3)

发布时间:2021-02-04 热度:

一,语法分类练习

1.It is said that John’s two daughters or his wife _____ to the city where he had an accident.(易)

A. going

B. are going

C. were going

D. was going

2.Every man and every woman working here _____ with me.(易)

A. is getting along well

B. are getting along well

C. is got along well

D. are got along well

3The statesman and writer you talked with last month _____ at today’s conference.(中)

A. was present

B. was presenting

C. were present

D were presenting

4.It’s reported that by the end of this month the output of cement in the factory _____ by about 10%.(中)

A. will have risen

B. has risen

C. will be rising

D. has been rising

5.This kind of glasses manufactured by experienced craftsmen _____ comfortably.(易)

A. is worn

B. wears

C. wearing

D. are worn

6.They fulfilled the plan much earlier than they _____.(难)

A. have expected

B. are expected

C. were expected

D. had expected

7.I don’t think it advisable that Tim _____ to the job since he has no experience.(难)

A. is assigned

B. will be assigned

C. be assigned

D. has been assigned

8.All the tasks _____ ahead of time, they decided to go on holiday for a week.(难)

A. been fulfilled

B. were fulfilled

C. having been fulfilled

D. had been fulfilled

9.Not until the game had begun _____ at the sports ground.(中)

A. had he arrived

B. would he have arrived

C. did he arrive

D. should he have arrived

10.It was the training that he had as a young man _____ made him such a good engineer.(难)

A. has

B. later

C. which

D. that

【参考答案】

1.D  解析:本题考察,主谓一致中的就近原则:选项中A是动词的非谓语形式,不能考虑;B和C是复数动词,而or的后面是单数名词his wife,动词的形式应与其一致;只有D为单数动词,符合要求。类似情况还有 either…or…,neither…nor…,not only…but also…,这些短语连接两个主语时,动词的人称和数一般与最靠近的一个主语相呼应。此外还有there be 句型也要遵循就近原则。

2.A  解析:本题考察的是主谓一致。选项中C,D为被动语态,不符合题意。原题中every …and every …连接的主语,谓语动词用单数形式,故选择A。

3.A  解析:本题考察的是主谓一致。句中主语有两个名词:statesman and writer,但前面合用一个定冠词the,所以这是一个人。因此主语应是单数,后面动词只能从单数中挑选,即从A和B中挑选。“出席”某一会议只能用be present表示,所以A为本题正确答案。

4.A  解析:本题考察动词时态。句中的时间状语by the end of this month (by+将来的时间)应与将来完成时连用,A项为将来完成时,符合要求。

5.B  解析:本题考察主被动语态,涉及wear 等动词的习惯用法。英语中有不少动词与"well"等

副词连用,其主动形式表示被动意义。如:The essay reads smoothly. (这篇文章读来非

常流畅)。The knife cuts well. (这把刀用起来锋利)。The cloth washes easily.(这布料好洗)。

6.D  解析:本题考察动词时态,主句中使用的是过去时,而expect(期待)这一动作必然发生在fulfilled the plan(完成计划)之前,即“过去的过去”,因此应使用过去完成时。四个选项中A为现在完成时,B和C选项用了被动语态,都不符合题意。只有D正确。

7.D  解析:本题考察的是虚拟语气的一种用法。在 It is advisable/important...that...句型中,that 引导的主语从句中的谓语应用虚拟语气,形式为“(should)+动词原形”(should可省略)。应选C。

8.C  解析:本题考察非谓语,题干逗号后面是一个完整的句子,所以逗号前面应为一个短语或独立结构,这样就排除了A, B两项。又因为“完成任务”发生在“决定休假”之前,所以应选C. having been fulfilled。这样句子的前一部分是一个独立主格结构,All the tasks 为后面分词的逻辑主语。

9.C  解析:本题因not until 在句首用倒装语序。因为从句的动作发生在主句的动作之前,所以从句用了过去完成时,主句要用过去时,C为正确答案。

10.D 解析:本题考查强调句型“it is / was … that …”。句子强调的部分是the training that he had as a young man,后面填入that。


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