武汉在职研究生信息网欢迎您!
您当前位置:主页 > 统考科目 > 考研英语 >
英语动词不定式归纳二_武汉在职研究生信息网同等学力申硕在职研究生

英语动词不定式归纳二

英语动词不定式归纳二..

155-2710-2521 立即咨询

快速申请办理

称       呼 :
手机号码 :
备       注:

英语动词不定式归纳二

发布时间:2020-12-08 热度:

不定式作状语

注意作状语的动词不定式要与其逻辑主语在意义上和数上的一致。

1、表示目的

22) its plans to promote disarmaments,the party has decided to establish a campaign headquarters with Benjamin Seaman as its leader.

[A]Although[B]To carry out[C]Except that[D] Make

23) pure lead,the lead ore is mined,then smelted,and finally refined.

[A] Obtaining[B] Being obtained[C] To obtain[D] It is obtained

24) When they met,Leonardo and his enemy were fighting.

[A]killed each other[B]killing each other[C]to be killed each other

[D]to kill each other

表示原因

It’s very kind of you to say so. / I am pretty pleased to hear the news that you are elected as the president of the club. / I’m sorry to interrupt you. / They are quite surprised to see the great changes taking place in the area.

伴随状况

在下列表示能力、愿望、倾向等语义的形容词后边也要接不定式:able(但其同义词“ capable”后面要接“of+动名词”),anxious, eager, glad, inclined(倾向于),liable, likely, pleased, ready等。

25) Certain [A] minerals are magnetic and are able to detected [B] by instruments that measure [C] differences in the Earth’s magnetic fields [D] .

在复合结构中的不定式

不定式的复合结构是指有些动词带宾语后再带上不定式,作宾语的补足语。前边已提到过,在这种结构中宾语是不定式的逻辑主语。

1、有很多这样的动词可以跟宾语及其(或)补足语不定式,如:advise, allow, ask, enable, beg, cause, drive, encourage, expect, forbid, force, hate, get , intend, invite, like, permit, persuade, pretend, remind, say, teach, tell, trust, urge, want, warn等表示“致使”等意义

26) The company manager may enable the men who tend the machines a large panorama(全景)of possibilites.

[A] to see[B] see[C] seeing[D] seen

27) Did you intend us the new method?

[A] to use [B] using [C] our having used [D] the using of

28) The teacher encouraged good compositions.

[A] us write[B] us writing[C] us to write[D] our wrting

2、在某些成语动词如 arrange for, call on, care for, count on, count upon, depend upon, long for, prepare for, prevail upon, rely on, vote for, wait for等后面,也可以跟宾语加不定式的复合结构

We are waiting for the bus to come./ They voted for Wang Gang to be the monitor. / Don’t count on me to do that.

3、另外,表示感觉的动词 see, hear, feel, watch, notice, observe和have, let, make后的宾语可接不带to的不定式(help后不定式可带to也可不带to)

29) I often heard him that his family was well descended.

[A] said[B] say[C] to say[D] to be said

30) We must have a person them build the house.

[A] see[B] to see[C] will see[D] shall see

31) You would become irritated [A] if you watched [B] the correspondence to pile up [C] on your desk day by day [D] .

4、表示心理状态的动词像consider, declare, find, prove, think, know , believe, discover, feel(=think), imagine, judge, pretend, suppose, understand等词的宾语补足语不定式一般是to be(或动词的完成时态)

32) “You’ve been taking a lot of nice photographs.”Thanks. I’m considering a professional photographer.

[A] becoming[B] about become[C] to become[D] over becoming

而且,在consider, declare, find, prove, think等动词后的to be 是可以省去的。如:She considered me a scholar. / They found him gulty.

不定式的完成式、进行式和完成进行式:这三类在考研题中出现的频率很高,要特别注意不定式的这三种形式

1、如果不定式所表示的动作与主要谓语所表示的动作(状态)同时(或几乎同时)发生或发生在主要谓语之后,那么用不定式的一般形式

He received a warm welcome from the Australians and from his family who had flown there to meet him.

In 1967, he arrived back in England, where a quarter of a million people were waiting to welcome him.

After all, eighty was a special birthday, another decade lived or endured just as you chose to look at it.

Now suddenly she began to sob, holding herself in as if weeping were a disgrace.

2、如果不定式所表示的动作(状态)发生在主要谓语动词或特定的某时间之前,那么不定式就要用其完成式

She feels relaxed to have finished writing her thesis before the deadline.

33)The Vikings are believed America.

[A] to have discovered[B] in discovering[C] to discover[D] to have been discovered

34)The students were to at the auditorium before 1:30 pm, but the lecture was cancelled at the last minute.

[A] assembled [B] have assembled [C] assembling [D] be assembled

35)He was to the new ambassador, but he fell ill.

[A] having telephoned[B] have telephoned[C] has telephoned[D] telephoning

3、不定式进行式表示主要谓语动词所表示的动作(情况)发生时,不定式所表示的动作正在发生

When he came in, I happened to be doing my experiment in the lab.

Why do you stand here?You are supposed to be working in the workshop.

4、不定式完成进行式表示其动词所代表的动作,在主要谓语动词所代表的动作之前一直在进行

The students from the Department of Sociology are said to have been investigating the possibility of producing the new product.

They are quite happy to have been cooperating harmoniously with us till now.

不定式的被动形式

当不定式的逻辑主语是动作的承受者时,这个不定式要用被动式,包括它的一般式和完成式

36) Here we found little snow,as most of it seemed blown off the mountain.

[A]to have been [B]to be [C]that it was [D]that it had been

37) For twelve years,Spanish censorship did not allow Lorca’s name or his works .

[A] to mention;to be published [B] to be mentioned;to publish

[C] being mentioned;being published [D] to be mentioned;to be published

38) There is,it seems [A],no [B] limit to the satisfaction to be finding [C] in the pursuit of knowledge [D].

九、不定式的否定形式:否定形式是在不定式的标志to前边加not a

39)that new information to anyone else but the sergeant.

[A] They asked him not to give [B] They asked him to don’t give

[C] They asked him no give [D] They asked him to no give

40)Please remember lights on in the future.

[A] don’t leave [B] not to leave [C] not leaving [D] don’t to leave

41)The teacher told [A] the students to don’t [B] discuss [C] the take?home exam with each other

十、介词except和but(作“只有……,只能……”讲时)跟不定式结构(but与不带to的不定式连用)

He seldom goes back home except to ask for money from his parents.

He did nothing there except watch TV for the whole night.(不带to的不定式)

I had no choice but to stay in bed.

Last night I did nothing but prepare my lessons.

42)Lots of empty bottles were found under the old man’s bed.He must have done nothing but .

[A] drink [B] to drink [C] drinking [D] drunk

43)When the streets are full of [A] melting [B] snow,you cannot help but getting [C] your shoes wet


关闭窗口
上一篇:英语动词不定式归纳一
下一篇:英语词汇知识梳理:代词2

相关阅读

扫一扫随时咨询

集团总部027-5123-9366

武汉在职研究生信息网同等学力申硕咨询服务中心

武大校区155-2710-2521

武汉市武昌区八一路武汉大学三环研究生公寓E栋

华师校区027-5123-9366

武汉市洪山区卓刀泉南路华中师范大学教育培训大楼